Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born January 31, 1919. On April 15, 1947, he became the first black player in the modern era to play major league baseball - the first in 63 years. He retired after the 1956 season. In 1962, in his first year of eligibility, he became the first black player to be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. He passed away October 24, 1972. His widow is still alive at age 96.
Sadly, the integration of major league baseball came too late for other fine black players, such as Satchel Paige in his prime years, Josh Gibson, Cool Papa Bell, and Buck Leonard. Wikipedia Career stats Jackie Robinson's 100th birthday -- 5 things to know about baseball's pioneer Jackie Robinson turns 100 and MLB, New York City plan to party On Jackie Robinson’s 100th Birthday, 100 Photos of an Icon