I'm game for discussing alternatives to enforcing on these guys, or at least to think about what's gone wrong and strategies to avoid the obvious downward spiral of this sort of thing.

But I confess, I don't have any ideas. It seems to me that humanity has this cyclical thing where the crazy goes batshit ever so often and we get to have periods of violence and bloodshed.
You can’t solve a problem without first understanding what the problem is.