The Constitutional Convention of 1787 was held because the Articles of Confederation didn't work. Our Constitution is a compilation of many documents to limit government starting with the Magna Carta.
This is a consistent, and again consistently wrong, refrain of conservatives. That was the position of the "anti-federalists". Who, explicitly and unquestionably, lost the argument in the creation of the Constitution, as they opposed a strong central government, but the Hamiltonians won out. That Jefferson eventually saw the error of his ways is often ignored as "inconvenient".